Download and Print Maurice Ravel Sheet Music / Scores
- Born: 7 March 1875
- Died: 28 December 1937
Our Maurice Ravel Sheet Music is available below. We have 28 songs for Maurice Ravel Piano, Vocal and Guitar Sheet Music and other instruments.
Genre: Classical, Supplementary, Dance, Romantic, Religious and More
Maurice Ravel, French pianist and composer, and known for the subtlety and richness of his music, is of mixed Swiss-Basque descent â€“ Swiss on his fatherÂ´s side, Basque on his motherÂ´s. Born in Ciboure in the department Pyrenees-Atlantique on 7. March 1875, he was brought up in Paris, where he entered the Paris Conservatory at the age of fourteen (1889-1895). While still a student he published some songs, a â€œMenuet antiqueâ€ for piano and the â€œPavane pour une infante defunteâ€ (Pavane for a Dead Princess) for piano which established his reputation almost overnight. Altogether he studied music at the conservatory under Gabriel Faure for a remarkable fourteen years. During those years he tried several times to win the prestigious â€œPrix de Romeâ€, but to no avail. His failure after three attempts caused a scandal â€“ the works he had admitted were judged as being too advanced by a conservative jury. Liberal musicians and writers supported Ravel, protests were published in the daily papers and as a result the director of the conservatory had to resign. He was replaced by Gabriel Faure with whom Ravel had studied since 1898.
Ravel himself claimed he was influenced by Mozart and Couperin, rather than by Claude Debussy as some critics claimed. But he was also influenced by jazz, Asian music and traditional folk song from across Europe. Not being religious, probably even an atheist, Ravel disliked religious themes of other composers such as Wagner, but preferred to look to mythology for inspiration.
By the time Ravel was thirty he had
published a â€œString Quartetâ€ (1903), the orchestral song-cycle
â€œSheherazadeâ€ (1903) and a â€œSonatineâ€ for piano. His 1907 song-cycle
â€œHistoires naturelles Â» (Natural Histories) was greeted with outcries
of plagiarism, but criticism was quickly silenced â€“ his â€œRhapsody
Espagnoleâ€ (1907) was received with critical acclaim. With this
symphonic work, the ballet â€œDaphnis et Chloeâ€ (1912) and the â€œBoleroâ€
(1927) Ravel reached his musical zenith. His Bolero is probably the
most popular orchestral work of the 20th century. He himself considered
it to be a trivial work, â€œa piece for orchestra without musicâ€.
Regarding opera, Ravel composed two little masterpieces of wit
und fantasy â€“ â€œLÂ´Heure Espagnoleâ€ (1907) and â€œLénfant et les
In 1932 Ravel was involved in an
automobile accident that severely undermined his health; his musical
output dropped considerably. An operation in 1937 did not restore his
health as he had hoped; he died soon afterwards on 28. December 1937.